10 Essential Makeup Brushes & How to Use Them

10 Essential Makeup Brushes & How to Use Them

Makeup brushes are an indispensable tool when it comes to creating a flawless makeup look that lasts all day. Quality brushes maximize the benefits of application, and they last longer than cheaper brushes. However, brushes can be a big investment, and with so many types to choose from it can be difficult to judge just which are the essential makeup brushes to own.

That’s why we compiled a list of the recommended makeup brushes, which will allow you to create everything from natural daytime looks to more dramatic nighttime looks. Plus, there’s recommended brushes from renowned Japanese Kumanofude brushes, Chikuhodo and Koyudo, and some tips on how to use the brushes.

1. Foundation/ Stippling Brushes

    When applying foundation, using your fingers can cause oiliness and shine, while sponges absorb more foundation which uses it up more quickly. Foundation brushes and stippling brushes are the perfect solution to this problem, offering better coverage with less waste. The shape of the brush head also makes a difference, with a rounded brush head being better suited to layering and flat brush heads being better suited to lighter foundation applications. To use a foundation or stippling brush, squeeze one or two pumps of foundation onto the back of your hand, dip the brush in lightly, and then buff it onto your face in circular motions. Start from the center of the face, working up and out towards the hairline for flawless even coverage.

    How to use a Foundation Brush

     offers a wide selection of foundation brushes made with both premium quality natural hairs or synthetic bristles, which soak up less product than natural hair brushes and even less than sponges. Koyudo foundation brushes come in three main shapes: rounded, flat, or with angled heads to fit all levels of coverage. They’re perfect for blending and buffing foundation into the skin, creating a smooth airbrushed finish.


    2. Powder Brushes

      Powder brushes are an essential makeup brush for applying powder foundation and loose powder, especially as they use less product than puff applicators. To use a powder brush, dip the head of the brush in loose powder and tap off the excess, then apply it lightly over the face in a sweeping motion, following the contours of the face. For a more natural look, stick to the T-zone and inner cheeks, leaving the outer face alone.

      how to use a powder brush
      How to use a Powder Brush

      The large, soft, rounded-bristle brushes from the Chikuhodo Z Series are made with the highest grade of gray squirrel hair. They have the perfect density for holding just the right amount of powder for application over the entire face. Koyudo powder brushes can be used to apply the base layer of powder foundation, or to set liquid foundation with loose powder.


      3. Concealer Brushes

      A concealer brush like the Chikuhodo RR-CO1 is an essential makeup brush for applying and blending product for flawless coverage that conceals blemishes, pigmentation, scars, and discoloration such as redness or dark circles under the eyes.

      how to use a concealer brush
      How to use a Concealer Brush

      To use, apply a light liquid concealer to the under eyes to highlight and brighten dark areas and a concealer that’s the same color as your foundation to cover imperfections. Tap the concealer on with your brush and blend very gently so as not to wipe your foundation away.


      4. Blush brushes

        Blush brushes have an airy and rounded brush head, which allows the color to be deposited slowly, so that it can be built up for a natural effect. The most basic application of blush is to swirl your brush in rouge and then dusting it on your face. However, the best shape and placement for blush really depends on your face shape. For heart-shaped faces, sweep over the apples of the cheeks, moving upwards towards the temple. Oblong face shapes will also want to apply rouge to the apples of the cheeks, but blend towards the nose and ears, while round faces will want to apply rouge to the apples of the cheeks but blend only toward the temples and ears and staying away from the nose, which can make the face look even rounder. Square faces should apply blush across the cheekbones, sweeping color lightly from the low to high sides to soften the strong angles of the face.

        How to effectively use a Blush Brush
        How to effectively use a Blush Brush

        Koyudo cheek and blush brushes are luxuriously soft and fluffy but dense enough to apply blush in just a few quick sweeps. Chikuhodo cheek and blush brushes conform flawlessly to the curves of your cheekbones for carefree application and can double as a highlighter brush.


        5. Flat Top Contouring Brushes

          Contouring has become all the rage in the beauty world, and flat top brushes like the Koyudo BP-021 and BP022 are recommended makeup brushes for more precise control and an airy touch against the skin.

          how to use a contouring brush
          How to use a Contouring Brush

          Use a flat top contouring brush to apply bronzer by sweeping pigment under the cheekbones, around the sides of the forehead close to the hairline, and along the jawline for definition.


          6. Medium Eyeshadow Brushes

            Medium-sized eye makeup brushes such as the Chikuhodo G-4 eyeshadow brush made with squirrel fur, and Koyudo eyeshadow brushes made with Kolinsky sable-hair have smaller, stiffer, flat bristles that are perfect for all-over color that gives lids a smooth finish and more intense pigment than fluffy brushes. Use this type of brush to get definition your eyeshadow, such as when applying bold pigments or working in the crease of the eye.

            how to use medium eyeshadow brushes
            How to use a medium-sized Eyeshadow brush

            For applying all-over color, press the pigment onto the eyelid below the crease rather than with a sweeping motion to prevent color fallout, particularly when working with bold or vibrant pigments. For crease work, dip the tip of the brush in eye shadow, tap off excess product, and apply pigment into the crease working from the outside edge of the eye inward along the crease.


            7. Blending Brushes For Eyes

              In addition to your main eyeshadow brush, you’ll want a fluffier blending brush to create a seamless finish, such as the such as the Koyudo BP027 and Chikuhodo T-6. These work with both cream and powder eyeshadows.

              How to use a blending Eyeshadow Brush
              How to use a blending Eyeshadow Brush

              Use a light sweeping stroke for blending shadows from the inner to the outer edge of the eye, but the tip of the brush for working in the crease, working from the outer edge inward.


              8. Smudging

                Smudging brushes are essential for smudging out eyeliner but are also practical for packing intense color onto the lids and pressing eyeshadow along the lash line. Brushes like the Chikuhodo R-S5 sponge tip brush are effective at blunting harsh lines, while the Koyudo CW-11 has short, rounded bristles that are perfect for smudging.

                how to use a smudging brush
                How to use a Smudging Brush

                Use a smudger brush with a gentle rubbing motion similar to an eraser, taking care not to wipe any of the pigment away.


                9. Brow Brush & Spoolie

                  Brow brushes and spoolie wands are essential makeup tools for defining lashes and taming unruly brows. The Chikuhodo R-B2 brush and comb is made with soft, strong bristles that are excellent at creating a beautiful brow line. The Koyudo C017P lash brush and brow groomer is a spoolie wand, which looks similar to a mascara wand minus the mascara, is a multi-purpose brush that can be used for both brow grooming and to help define lashes.

                  How to use Blow Brush/Spoolie
                  How to use Blow Brush/Spoolie

                  Use the spoolie wand or the comb side of the brow brush to comb your brow hairs up away from the nose before grooming or filling them in with brow powder. The spoolie can also be used after filling in brows to soften any harsh lines for a more natural look.


                  10. Lip Brushes

                    Lip brushes are a useful alternative to applying lipstick straight out of the tube that allows a more accurate application and prevents smudging, which is essential especially when applying bold lip colors. Brushes like the Chikuhodo PS-7 lip brush have flexible bristles that make precise applications of lipstick and gloss a breeze. The Koyudo M007 is made with soft Kolinsky sable hair, and bristles are packed with just the right density to give a perfectly soft stiffness for application and spread pigment evenly.

                    How to use a Lip Brush
                    How to use a Lip Brush

                    To use, apply lip color with a brush from the center of your lip, blending outward towards your lip line. Then use the tip of the brush to define the cupid’s bow (that dip at the middle of your upper lip) and the corners of your mouth. Adjust the amount of product and pressure to get a more defined line or a softer line for a more natural look.

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